CBT: Cognitive-behavioral therapy is based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviors, not external things, like people, situations, and events. The benefit of this fact is that we can change the way we think to feel / act better even if the situation does not change.
In cognitive therapy, clients learn to:
Distinguish between thoughts and feelings.
Become aware of the ways in which thoughts can influence feelings in ways that sometimes are not helpful.
Learn about thoughts that seem to occur automatically, without even realizing how they may affect emotions.
Evaluate critically whether these “automatic” thoughts and assumptions are accurate, or perhaps biased.
Develop the skills to notice, interrupt, and correct these biased thoughts independently.